Matariki: The Maori New Year
Traditionally, Matariki is the period of time referred to by Maori, to mark the changing of the year. It is a time to reflect upon the previous year and plan for the next. The common Maori translation of Matariki is “eyes of the god”.
According to myth, when Ranginui, the sky father, and Papatūānuku, the earth mother, were separated by their children, the god of the winds, Tāwhirimātea, became so angry that he tore out his eyes and threw them into the heavens.
Since this time, every year at a time around mid-winter, a cluster of stars called Matariki rises to mark the new year.
However, the name Matariki is not only used to describe the entire cluster of stars, but a specific single star within the group. The total number of stars in the cluster varies too. Some Maori talk of Matariki and her six children, and others talk of eight children. Regardless, each star is connected to the Maori world in its own special way.
Matariki is connected to well-being, and at times viewed as an omen of good fortune and health.
Pohutukawa is connected to the dead.
Tupuanuku is connected to food grown in the ground.
Tupuarangi is associated with food that comes from the sky, such as birds and fruit and berries from the trees.
Waiti is connected to fresh water and all the creatures that live in rivers, streams and lakes.
Waita is the star connected to the many kinds of food Maori gather from the sea.
Waipunarangi is connected to rain.
Ururangi means “winds of the sky”. This star determines the nature of the winds for the year.
Hiwa-i-te-rangi. It is to the star Hiwa, that Maori would send their dreams and desires for the year in the hope that they would be realised.